President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev’s most up-to-date tackle to the nation is a brand new political milestone within the historical past of the nation by setting qualitatively completely different requirements for the system of energy by the very best types of transparency for a very powerful political choices, and his sense of fixed renewal and the necessity for open competitors.
Tokayev’s determination to make the complete electoral schedule public is an unprecedented step for Kazakhstan’s political tradition.
The launch of the complete election cycle is conditioned by the necessity for a radical reboot of our political system and is totally per the rationale of the constitutional reform supported by the vast majority of residents within the June referendum.
The consecutive holding of presidential elections, adopted by the election of deputies to the majilis (the decrease chamber of the parliament) and maslikhats (native consultant our bodies) will concentrate on the answer of pressing and strategic duties for the socio-economic growth of the nation. In different phrases, the gathered rhythm of the nation’s modernization is not going to be disturbed.
The rising geostrategic tensions and turbulence on the planet’s economic system are sturdy elements for holding early elections. The unpredictability of the dynamics of world processes multiplies the dangers and challenges not just for particular person states, however for complete areas.
One other central initiative of Tokayev’s tackle is a proposal to restrict the presidential mandate to a single time period of seven years with out the suitable to re-election, which, if accepted by the parliament, will decide the way forward for Kazakhstan’s political system.
On this case, the election of 1 particular person as president for just one seven-year time period is a political innovation, one which has no precedent amongst Kazakhstan’s neighbors. The thought of a one-time presidency is primarily aimed on the long-term stabilization of the political system, one that can remove the dangers of a monopoly on energy by a single particular person and can strengthen the fundamental ideas of the nation’s democracy.
The initiative in direction of a single presidential time period is a logical development that has already been taken as a part of a transfer to lastly transition away from the super-presidential mannequin. These steps embody having a non-partisan head of state, a ban on his kin holding positions in authorities companies and state-owned corporations, and the redistribution of some presidential powers in favor of different establishments. The introduction of a single presidential time period would finish the method of getting an institutionalized presidential republic in favor of an optimum stability of energy.
The initiative to carry early elections to the majilis and maslikhats on all ranges within the first half of the subsequent 12 months additionally comes from the broad political modernization program.
Elections in single-mandate districts, beneath a combined electoral system, are being applied and can grow to be an necessary consider bettering the political tradition within the nation and a strong instrument for articulating the pursuits of residents on the native stage.
The electoral laws will quickly work in accordance with new guidelines. The registration process for political events will likely be simplified, which has already contributed to the emergence of recent events, new faces in politics, and elevated political competitors. This development is irreversible, and the additional deepening of Kazakhstan’s political modernization will solely develop.
The renewal of consultant our bodies of energy, together with new ideas within the majilis and maslikhats, will likely be intently linked to the excellent transformation of the manager vertical of energy – i.e. the federal government and administration. Sooner or later, the federal government will embody not solely representatives of the social gathering that received essentially the most votes, however representatives of different parliamentary events.
All the political initiatives introduced in Tokayev’s September 3 tackle comprehensively present actual weight to our nation-building challenge: “A robust president – influential parliament – and accountable authorities”. These new reforms present the impetus for a brand new electoral cycle, which is able to enable for the restart of the complete political system.
*A model of this text first appeared within the Astana Occasions https://astanatimes.com/2022/09/president-tokayevs-address-to-nation-opens-new-political-milestone-in-kazakhstans-history/