This text explains Madava nidaana7th chapter “Krimi Nidaanam”. Causes, pathology and signs of Krimi are defined on this chapter.
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Krimi Bheda – varieties and origin of parasites
Parasites are of two varieties – exterior and inner.
They’re additionally counted as 4 varieties viz, arising from exterior dust, kapha, rakta (blood) and purisa (faeces). They’re completely twenty-four by identify (and in quantity). (1)
Bahya Krimi – Exterior parasites
Exterior parasites which take their origin from excreta (mala) resemble tila (sesame seed) in measurement, options and color, reside in hairs and garments, have many legs and are small. They’re of two varieties specifically yūka and likșa. They produce rashes, small pimples, itching and vesicles. (2-3)
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Abhyantara Krimi Nidana – Causes of inner parasites
Individuals who indulge each day with meals that are uncooked (raw) or devour meals when beforehand consumed meals are usually not correctly digested, candy and bitter, water and watery drinks or that are dry powders (flours) and jaggery: those that keep away from bodily train and people who sleep throughout day time and people who frequently devour incompatible (mutually antagonistic or unwholesome) meals develop into victims of krimiroga. (4)
Nidana – etiological components of particular krimis
Use of black gram, meals predominantly consisting of or ready from flours, bitter and salty meals, molasses and leafy greens give rise to progress of parasites within the faeces.
Use of mutton, fish, jaggery, milk, curds, fermented sugarcane juice, and so forth., offers rise to progress of parasites in kapha.
Indulgence in incompatible meals (mutually antagonistic meals), raw meals (or taking meals within the presence of indigestion of beforehand consumed meals) and leafy greens give rise to parasites within the blood. (5)
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Abhyantara Krimi Lakshanas
Common signs of presence of inner parasites
Fever, discolouration, ache within the stomach, problems of (the area of) the guts, weak spot, giddiness, aversion to meals and diarrhoea are the signs of the presence of parasites contained in the physique. (6)
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Kaphaja Krimi – measurement, form, numbers, names and signs attributable to these parasites
The Kaphaja Krimis take their origin from the abdomen because of the extra of kapha (extra kapha within the abdomen is a perfect surroundings for these krimis to manifest). The parasites arising from kapha reside within the abdomen and transfer all around the alimentary tract (they transfer within the upward in addition to downward route). Some resemble a thick leather-based strip and a few are lengthy, resembling earthworms. Some others appear to be the recent sprouts of grains; are skinny, lengthy, and small or spherical, white or coppery in color. They’re of seven varieties and are generally known as antrada, udaravesta, hrdayada, mahaguda, curava, darbhakusuma and sugandha.
They produce nausea, extra salivation, indigestion, anorexia, fainting, vomiting, fever, constipation or blocks in abdomen because of ama or in colon because of faeces (enlargement of stomach), emaciation, too many sneezes and operating within the nostril. (7-10)
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Raktaja Krimi – measurement, form, numbers, names and signs attributable to these parasites
Parasites arising from rakta (blood) are present in all of the organs / channels of blood i.e. raktavaha srotas (liver, spleen, arteries, veins and blood itself). They’re very minute, devoid of legs, spherical in form and have coppery color. Amongst these many are very minute (microscopic) and therefore can’t be seen (invisible) to the bare eyes. They’re of six varieties and generally known as kesada, romavidhvamsa, romadvipa, udumbara, sourasa and matara. All these parasites trigger kushta (leprosy, pores and skin problems) or many different illnesses / signs which resemble kushta. (11-12)
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Purishaja Krimi – measurement, form, numbers, names and signs attributable to these parasites
Parasites arising from purisa (faeces) are discovered within the massive gut. These parasites normally journey downwards. However when their numbers improve, they will even journey upwards in direction of the abdomen. Once they transfer upwards, they trigger faecal scent within the mouth, belching and breath. They’re huge, spherical, skinny or thick; blue, yellow, white or black in color. They’re of 5 varieties generally known as kakeruka makeruka, sausurada, sasula and leliha.
They produce diarrhoea, ache within the stomach, constipation, emaciation, dryness, pallor (whitish-yellow discolouration), horripilations, poor digestion and itching within the anus. They even transfer into different locations (organs close by). (13-16)
Thus ends the chapter on Krimi Roga in Nidana Madhava Nidana textual content written by Acharya Madhavakara.